The protocols were historically ratified and signed on 11 November 2008 at Kuwait Naval Base in the presence of Vice-Admiral William Gortney, USN; commander of the United States Naval Forces Central Command based in Bahrain and remain an enduring success story in the region highlighting co-operation and co-ordination between the two countries. Operational Headquarters: Umm Qasr Maritime Academy: Basrah Diving Squadron: Umm Qasr RHIBs Patrol Squadron: Umm Qasr PS701, PS702, PS703, PS704, PB301, PB302, PB303, and 5x U/I PBs.
On 30 April 2010, Iraqi naval forces took over responsibility for the protection of the Khawr al-Amaya and Basra oil terminals, as well as the ports of Umm Qasr and al-Zubair. Patrol Squadron: planned Patrol Squadron: planned Patrol Squadron: planned Small Boat Squadron: Umm Qasr Squadron equipped with American Defender Class boats.
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One exception was two mine warfare vessels captured by US Navy and Coast Guard units during the assault on Al Faw; The tug Jumariya, towing a well camouflaged minelaying barge, and the tug Al Raya, which had been outfitted as a minelayer itself.
Of the units that remained by late 2002, most were in a poor state of repair and the crews were in a poor state of readiness.
The contract also comprises the provision of logistical support and crew training with each crew completing a 7-week training course.
In cooperation with the Marina Militare (Italian Navy), each commissioning crew is provided with a week’s bridge simulator course at the Academy in Livorno.
On 30 September 2004, the ICFD assumed the responsibility of protecting the Iraqi coastline, with actual patrol operations beginning the following day, on 1 October 2004.
The protocols were the concept of the British Royal Navy in 2008 when in command of Combined Task Force 158 operating in the northern Gulf region and specifically within Iraqi territorial waters for the protection of the Iraqi oil terminals Al Basrah Oil Terminal and in support of Iraqi maritime boundaries.
Following the 14 July Revolution of 1958, the Iraqi Navy began to expand.
Operationally based in the port of Umm Qasr, the Arabic Gulf Academy for Sea Studies was established in Basra, which offered a bachelor's degree in war and engineering naval studies.
Headed by Rear Admiral Muhammad Jawad, the navy had plans to build six Al Uboor-class patrol boats in Baghdad, with the first of the boats to enter service in September 2005. Additionally, two Assad-class corvettes built for Iraq in the 1980s by Italy were originally planned to be delivered sometime around 2006–2007.
The ships however, were found to be in a worse state than originally believed, forcing the Iraqi navy to reconsider the deal and instead buy 4, newer, smaller modified-Diciotti class vessels.
Whatever units that remained after 1991 were used primarily for safeguarding Saddam's palaces on the Tigris river.