Ice cores showed the age of a military plane buried in the artic as thousands of years old.Similarly, dendrochronology measures the tree rings in trees and assumes they represent years.
The ten strata systems that compose the “standard geologic column” are the familiar Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Tertiary periods.
Although no absolute methods were available to establish actual dates, Lyell needed to assign very old dates to the strata to make them consistent with the long eons of time that would be necessary to meet the new uniformitarianism theory developed by James Hutton and himself.
Climate chronology uses evidence of a climatic change, such as an ice age, as a benchmark for dating.
states, “Before the 20th century, archaeologists and geologists were largely limited to the use of relative dating techniques.
A sequence is based on the law of superposition, which states that material found at the bottom of a sequence is older than the material above it.
This method can give archaeologists an indication of the age of the artifacts where the deposits are stratified (layered) and have not been disturbed.
Estimates of the absolute age of prehistoric and geological events and remains amounted to little more than inspired guesswork, as there was no scientific basis for testing such proposals.” With this background, it is strange that the “standard geologic column” that identifies the rock strata on the earth and assigns very old ages to those strata was developed by Sir Charles Lyell in 1830.
This was done 100 years before absolute dating methods were available.
The relative dating methods themselves are generally sound when used with good assumptions. Jesus, the creator and eternal Son of God, who lived a sinless life, loves us so much that He died for our sins, taking the punishment that we deserve, was buried, and rose from the dead according to the Bible.
However, when scientists apply relative dating to a preconceived uniformitarianism model, the dating methods are only as good as the model. If you truly believe and trust this in your heart, receiving Jesus alone as your Savior, declaring, "Jesus is Lord," you will be saved from judgment and spend eternity with God in heaven.
ANSWER: Relative dating is used to determine the relative ages of geologic strata, artifacts, historical events, etc.