As you can see; the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah is one of the best archeologically-documented Bible accounts.Yet it dates back to the time of Abraham, which predates the Exodus by around 500 years, and even the name Israel!
Notice for example, that the oldest Bible text archeologists have discovered (of the Pentateuch) appears to date to the Seventh Century BCE which is before the destruction of Jerusalem by Babylon, and which dates to the time of the Solomon's Temple.
But despite the evidence provided by archeological finds, Bible critics have taught and are still teaching that there was no such temple in Jerusalem. Also, many have claimed that there was no King David, and that Jerusalem was just a backwater town during the time attributed to his reign.
Notice that the Gospel writer Luke wrote in the book of Acts (in Chapter 2, verse 29): 'It's good to speak to you openly about the patriarch David; for he died, was buried, and his tomb is still with us to this day.' Yet, many modern critics claim that David never existed!
Why would anyone say such a thing when there is no proof at all that he is fictional?
And look at the meticulous records of the people who served in the court of King David, as can be found from 1 Chronicles 23 to the end of that book.
Who they were, where they were from, to whom they were related, and what their positions were, is all listed in great detail.
And note that the land is still called Palestine today, which is just a Greek corruption of the name Philistine.
Consider the fact that archeologists have located what appear to be the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, which are mentioned in the earliest parts of the Bible book of Genesis (Chapter Nineteen).
– things that nobody would be interested in today – and ask why anyone would make all of this up. Also realize that each of the names actually meant something in Hebrew, so they weren't just a jumble of sounds.