In Britain, pottery was made from the Neolithic (New Stone Age) period onwards, although some parts of the British Isles were aceramic (did not produce pottery) at various points in time. This crudeness is related to the function of the vessels, which had to withstand thermal shock when placed on a fire for cooking.Fine vessels with incised and stamped decoration were also made. C., wheelmade pottery was being imported from the Roman world and finer 'Belgic-type' vessels were being produced in East Anglia.
Most Roman pottery, however, consisted of coarse sandy greywares which were used for cooking, storage and other daily functions.
By the early 5th century, the art of pottery manufacture with a wheel had been lost (or was simply not required) in Britain.
Potters are very rarely mentioned in documentary evidence before the Late Medieval period, and were probably some of the lowest-status craftsmen.
There is no direct evidence for type of wheels in use before the 13th century, after which a few illustrations survive.
It was a family industry, continuing through generations.
Clay pits were usually dug quite close to the kiln, on the peasant's croft or common.The main requirements of the industry were: This means that production sites were generally situated on clay subsoils near woodland in rural areas.Rural potteries probably only operated part-time and the potters were peasants who spent most of their time farming.Similarly, there is little evidence for tools used. were probably employed, but these would be difficult to distinguish from domestic ones.Also, specialized antler and bone tools and stamps were used to decorate pottery, and a few of these have been found.Highly decorated tableware, including fine red and whitewares, were available during the Early Roman period.