Some people may have side effects such as frequent urination, or even incontinence (loss of control of urination).
In patients with a long history of recurrent, non-invasive low-grade tumors, the surgeon may sometimes just use fulguration to burn small tumors that are seen during cystoscopy (rather than removing them).
A transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT), also known as just a transurethral resection (TUR), is often used to determine if someone has bladder cancer and, if so, whether the cancer has invaded the muscle layer of the bladder wall.
The removed tissue is sent to a lab to be looked at by a pathologist.
After the tumor is removed, more steps may be taken to try to ensure that it has been destroyed completely.
You can usually return home the same day or the next day and can resume your usual activities within a week or two.
Even if the TURBT removes the tumor completely, bladder cancer often comes back (recurs) in other parts of the bladder. But if TURBT needs to be repeated many times, the bladder can become scarred and lose its capacity to hold much urine.
For this operation, a type of rigid cystoscope called a resectoscope is placed into the bladder through the urethra.
The resectoscope has a wire loop at its end to remove any abnormal tissues or tumors.This can often be done using local anesthesia (numbing medicine) in the doctor’s office. When bladder cancer is invasive, all or part of the bladder may need to be removed. Partial cystectomy: If the cancer has invaded the muscle layer of the bladder wall but is not very large and only in one place, it can sometimes be removed along with part of the bladder wall without taking out the whole bladder. Nearby lymph nodes are also removed and examined for cancer spread.Only a small portion of people with cancer that has invaded the muscle can have this surgery.The side effects of TURBT are generally mild and do not usually last long.You might have some bleeding and pain when you urinate after surgery.The main advantage of this surgery is that the person keeps their bladder and doesn’t need reconstructive surgery (see below).