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The archaeological discovery of the Egyptian fort of Tell Habua (ancient Tharu, built around 1000 BC) near the Suez Canal underlined Egypt's policy of maintaining border fortresses on its eastern flank With the destruction of the city's former master, Amurru, a century before, Aramaeans are free to move in and take control of Damas.This is despite resistance by the Assyrian king, Tiglath-Pileser I, who campaigns aggressively against them in an attempt to prevent them settling in northern Mesopotamia and southern Syria.The Sumerian myth of Ziusudra exists in a single copy, the fragmentary Eridu Genesis, which is datable by its script to the seventeenth century BC (it may be this version which was adapted in Babylon from earlier sources, and was then rewritten for the Old Testament, compiled in the sixth century BC).

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Egypt still conducts profitable trade with Damas, as witnessed by the building of a series of border fortresses as the former seeks to control the Sinai.

The fortresses help to defend Egypt's trade route to Damas, which also passes through Edom and Moab at this time.

Attracted by the concentration of a population in a fertile, well-watered plain dominating one of the region's principal trade routes, they occupied the city and developed it into a powerful state known as Aram Damascus which dominated Syria.

Unfortunately little seems to have been recorded about the kings of Aram Damascus aside from mentions in military conflicts conducted by the Assyrians.

Sensing the weakness of the neighbouring Mitanni empire (as well as of Egypt), Aziru of Amurru makes a secret deal with the Hittite king, Suppiluliuma.

He also establishes himself as a strong king in the region, taking control in Damas and even going so far as to conquer the city of Sumur (later mentioned within the context of Biblical Canaanite city states), where the Egyptian representative has his residence.

Perhaps the best account available is the Old Testament, which mentions far more trivial and not-so-trivial events between Damascus and Israel.

That makes it essential to understand Israel's timeline in order to be able to organise one for Damascus.

Aram is a founder figure for Damas itself, as witnessed by the use of the name Aram Damascus in first millennium BC records.

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