In late summer and early fall, southern areas can be hit by strong tropical storms, including hurricanes as they sweep northward from the Gulf; Hurricanes Camille (1969) and Katrina (2005) were especially devastating to coastal areas.The northern half of the state lies in the southern range of the country that is most affected by tornadoes.
Muscadine and scuppernong grapes and blackberries also flourish.
Beardlike Spanish moss grows in the coastal woodlands. Bluebirds, cardinals, blue jays, mockingbirds, doves, woodpeckers, owls, hawks, yellow-shafted flickers (called yellowhammers in Alabama), and an occasional eagle are found here.
Below that the band of prairie lowland known as the Black Belt has rich soils that once cradled a rural cotton-producing way of life central to the state’s development.
Farther south stretch piney woods and then coastal plains until one reaches the moss-draped live oaks of Mobile and the white beaches of the gulf.
Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year, with an annual average of 56 inches (1,420 mm) and a concentration on the coast. These favourable conditions have given the state a long growing season, ranging from about 200 days in the north to some 300 days in the south.
Alabama is subject to severe weather, especially during the warmer months.
Alabama, constituent state of the United States of America, admitted to the union in 1819 as the 22nd state.
Alabama forms a roughly rectangular shape on the map, elongated in a north-south direction.
The landscape of Alabama has been the scene of many of the major crises in the settlement of the continent and in the development of the country.
It was a battleground for European powers vying for the lands of the New World, for the fights between the European settlers and the indigenous communities, for the struggles between North and South during the American Civil War, for the civil rights movement, and for other forces of economic and social change that have extensively altered many aspects of the Deep South in the years since the mid-20th century.
Occasionally, large-scale outbreaks of multiple tornadoes have turned particularly deadly and destructive in the region, as they did in April 1974 and in April 2011.