Singapore is a global commerce, finance and transport hub.
He offered to recognize Tengku Long as the rightful Sultan of Johor, given the title of Sultan Hussein and provide him with a yearly payment of $5000 and $3000 to the Temenggong; in return, Sultan Hussein would grant the British the right to establish a trading post on Singapore.
Singapore was not much affected by First World War (1914–18), as the conflict did not spread to Southeast Asia.
Originally announced in 1923, the construction of the base proceeded slowly until the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931.
When completed in 1939, at the very large cost of $500 million, it boasted what was then the largest dry dock in the world, the third-largest floating dock, and having enough fuel tanks to support the entire British navy for six months.
: Siṃhapura; siṃha is "lion", pura is "town" or "city"), hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City, and its inclusion in many of the nation's symbols (e.g., its coat of arms, Merlion emblem).
However, it is unlikely that lions ever lived on the island; Sang Nila Utama, the Srivijayan prince said to have founded and named the island Singapura, perhaps saw a Malayan tiger.Singapore is a unitary multiparty parliamentary republic, with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government.The People's Action Party has won every election since self-government in 1959.However, the Sultanate was weakened by factional division and Tengku Abdu'r Rahman and his officials were loyal to Tengku Rahman's elder brother Tengku Long who was living in exile in Riau.With the Temenggong's help, Raffles managed to smuggle Tengku Long back into Singapore.38% of Singapore's 5.6 million residents are permanent residents and other foreign nationals.