The word bonsai is often used in English as an umbrella term for all miniature trees in containers or pots.The purposes of bonsai are primarily contemplation for the viewer, and the pleasant exercise of effort and ingenuity for the grower.The source specimen is shaped to be relatively small and to meet the aesthetic standards of bonsai.
Several other scrolls and paintings also included depictions of these kinds of trees.
A close relationship between Japan's Zen Buddhism and the potted trees began to shape bonsai reputation and esthetics.
Bonsai uses cultivation techniques like pruning, root reduction, potting, defoliation, and grafting to produce small trees that mimic the shape and style of mature, full-size trees.
From the 6th century onward, Imperial embassy personnel and Buddhist students from Japan visited and returned from mainland China.
Potted landscape arrangements up to this period included miniature figurines after the Chinese fashion.
Japanese artists eventually adopted a simpler style for bonsai, increasing focus on the tree by removing miniatures and other decorations, and using smaller, plainer pots.
is a Japanese art form using trees grown in containers.
Similar practices exist in other cultures, including the Chinese tradition of penzai or penjing from which the art originated, and the miniature living landscapes of Vietnamese hòn non bộ.
Wooden tray and dish-like pots with dwarf landscapes on modern-looking wooden shelves also appear in the 1309 Kasuga-gongen-genki scroll.