Interracial marriage in the United States has been fully legal in all U. states since the 1967 Supreme Court decision that deemed anti-miscegenation laws unconstitutional, with many states choosing to legalize interracial marriage at much earlier dates.
Anti-miscegenation laws have played a large role in defining racial identity and enforcing the racial hierarchy.
Of the 3.6 million adults who got married in 2013, 58% of Native Americans, 28% of Asians, 19% of blacks and 7% of whites have a spouse whose race was different from their own.
The overall numbers mask significant gender gaps within some racial groups.
the older US euphemism children of the plantation).
Many jurisdictions have had regulations banning or restricting not just interracial marriage but also interracial sexual relations, including Germany during the Nazi period, South Africa under apartheid, and many states in the United States prior to a 1967 Supreme Court decision.
Only 12% of black women married outside of their race.
For Asians, the gender pattern goes in the opposite direction: Asian women are much more likely than Asian men to marry someone of a different race.
Since ethnic Mexicans were considered white by Texas officials and the U. government, such marriages were a violation of the state's anti-miscegenation laws.
Yet, there is no evidence that anyone in South Texas was prosecuted for violating this law.
Anti-miscegenation laws in many states prohibited Chinese men from marrying white women.
After the Emancipation Proclamation, many intermarriages in some states were not recorded and historically, Chinese American men married African American women in high proportions to their total marriage numbers due to few Chinese American women being in the United States.
Among newlyweds in 2013, 37% of Asian women married someone who was not Asian, while 16% of Asian men married outside of their race.