After the Convention, Madison became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify the Constitution, and his collaboration with Alexander Hamilton produced The Federalist Papers, among the most important treatises in support of the Constitution.After the ratification of the Constitution in 1788, Madison won election to the United States House of Representatives.
(1723–1801), was a tobacco planter who grew up on a plantation, then called Mount Pleasant, which he had inherited upon reaching adulthood.
He later acquired more property and slaves, and with 5,000 acres (2,000 ha), he became the largest landowner and a leading citizen in the Piedmont.
Unlike most college-bound Virginians of his day, Madison did not attend the College of William and Mary, where the lowland Williamsburg climate—more susceptible to infectious disease—might have strained his delicate health.
Instead, in 1769, he enrolled at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), where he became roommates and close friends with poet Philip Freneau.
James Jr.'s mother, Nelly Conway Madison (1731–1829), was born at Port Conway, the daughter of a prominent planter and tobacco merchant.
From age 11 to 16, Madison was sent to study under Donald Robertson, a Scottish instructor who served as a tutor for a number of prominent plantation families in the South.
In 1774, Madison took a seat on the local Committee of Safety, a pro-revolution group that oversaw the local militia.
This was the first step in a life of public service that his family's wealth facilitated.
The country faced a difficult war against Great Britain, as well as runaway inflation, financial troubles, and lack of cooperation between the different levels of government.
Madison worked to make himself an expert on financial issues, becoming a legislative workhorse and a master of parliamentary coalition building.
He collaborated with the Baptist preacher Elijah Craig to promote constitutional guarantees for religious liberty in Virginia.