While simultaneously serving as a close adviser to President George Washington, Madison emerged as one of the most prominent members of the 1st Congress, helping to pass several bills establishing the new government.
For his role in drafting the first ten amendments to the Constitution during the 1st Congress, Madison is known as the "Father of the Bill of Rights." Though he had played a major role in the enactment of a new constitution that created a stronger federal government, Madison opposed the centralization of power sought by Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton during Washington's presidency.
In 1774, Madison took a seat on the local Committee of Safety, a pro-revolution group that oversaw the local militia.
His studies at Princeton included Latin, Greek, science, geography, mathematics, rhetoric, and philosophy.
Great emphasis was placed on speech and debate also; Madison helped found the American Whig Society, in direct competition to fellow student Aaron Burr's Cliosophic Society.
In October 1775, he was commissioned as the colonel of the Orange County militia, serving as his father's second-in-command until his election as a delegate to the Fifth Virginia Convention, which produced Virginia's first constitution.
He had earlier witnessed the persecution of Baptist preachers in Virginia, who were arrested for preaching without a license from the established Anglican Church.
Madison, General George Washington, Congressman Alexander Hamilton, and other influential leaders favored amending the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the fledgling nation.
However, their proposed amendment to allow Congress to impose tariffs failed to win the necessary ratification by all thirteen states. March 5], 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817.In the late 1780s, he helped organize the Constitutional Convention, which produced a new constitution to supplant the ineffective Articles of Confederation.After the failure of diplomatic protests and a trade embargo against the United Kingdom, he led the U. As a result, Madison came to support a stronger national government and military, as well as the national bank, which he had long opposed.Historians have generally ranked Madison as an above-average president. was born on March 16, 1751, (March 5, 1751, Old Style, Julian calendar) at Belle Grove Plantation near Port Conway, Virginia, to father James Madison Sr. He grew up as the oldest of twelve children, His father, James Madison Sr.He collaborated with the Baptist preacher Elijah Craig to promote constitutional guarantees for religious liberty in Virginia.