It is also argued as to whether hip hop started in the South or West Bronx.
hip hop is characterized by nine elements, however only four elements are considered most necessary to understand hip-hop musically.
Hip hop is simultaneously a new and old phenomenon; the importance of sampling tracks, beats and basslines from old records to the art form means that much of the culture has revolved around the idea of updating classic recordings, attitudes, and experiences for modern audiences.
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The name was originally meant as a sign of disrespect, but soon came to identify this new music and culture.
Lovebug Starski, a Bronx DJ who put out a single called "The Positive Life" in 1981, and DJ Hollywood then began using the term when referring to this new disco rap music.
Critic Greg Tate described the hip hop movement as "the only avant-garde still around, still delivering [a] shock" of newness to the wealthy bourgeoisie.
Ronald Savage, known by the nickname Bee-Stinger, who was a former member of the Zulu Nation, coined the term "six elements of the hip hop movement".
The "six elements of the hip hop movement" are: Consciousness awareness, civil rights awareness, activism awareness, justice, political awareness, and community awareness in music.
Ronald Savage is known as the Son of The Hip Hop Movement.
Hip hop music follows in the footsteps of earlier African-American-rooted musical genres such as blues, jazz, rag-time, funk, and disco to become one of the most practiced genres worldwide.
It is the language of urban environments and the youth around the world.
Afrika Bambaataa of the hip hop collective Zulu Nation outlined the pillars of hip hop culture, coining the terms: "rapping" (also called MCing or emceeing), a rhythmic vocal rhyming style (orality); DJing (and turntablism), which is making music with record players and DJ mixers (aural/sound and music creation); b-boying/b-girling/breakdancing (movement/dance); and graffiti art.
Other elements of hip hop subculture and arts movements beyond the main four are: hip hop culture and historical knowledge of the movement (intellectual/philosophical); beatboxing, a percussive vocal style; street entrepreneurship; hip hop language; and hip hop fashion and style, among others.
Bambaataa, former leader of the Black Spades gang, also did much to further popularize the term.