Initial approach dating

Order was restored every part of the country and every efforts were made to render trade and commerce safe for all. Nicholson notes as fallows in his Diary on the 19th November 1847.

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Kashmir; Gulab Singh; Forced labour; Shawl industry; Agriculture products The State of Jammu and Kashmir is composed of a number of ethnic and cultural regions viz., the Hindu majority province, the primary Buddhist Ladakh majority province, and the Muslim Majority Kashmir province.

The Kashmir valley came under the Dogra rule with the ominous terms of the treaty of Amritsar signed between the British and Maharajah Gulab Singh of Jammu in 16 March 1846 [1], the British Government transferred and made over, forever in independent possession, to Maharaja Gulab Singh and the heirs male of his body, all the hilly and mountainous country, with its dependencies, situated to the eastward of the river Indus and westward of the river Ravi, including Chamba and excluding Lahore, being of the territories ceded to the British Government by the Lahore state.

Fortunately, these qualities were present in an abundant measure in the new ruler of Kashmir, Maharaja Gulab Singh.

A careful enquiry succeeded in furnishing evidence which justified a restoration of the damage that had been done by the last two Sikh governors [8].

Good or bad he taken the administrative system and he customized it here and there to safe his own ends.

The few reforms that he introduced to recognize the shawl industry, He recognized the revenue and police administration of the valley into four wazarats or districts.

After taking the possession of Kashmir, Maharaja Gulab Singh occupied Gilgit as well.

Thus he founded the modern state of Jammu and Kashmir [6].

The land which was not held under jagirdars was held by tenants from the state, which tilled the land for the state and paid rent in the form of revenue.

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